SRPC-ID: SRPC12-2-2022  | Published online: 25-09-2022   |  ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Relationship between body construction and physical fitness of children aged 10-12

Południak Natalia1ABCDEF | Pelic Paulina1E | Rykiel Zuzanna1E | Szymańska Natalia1E
Dąbek Emilia1E | Chrzanowski Michał1E | Rejman Aneta1G

Authors’ Contribution: A - Study Design; B - Data collection; C - Statistical analysis; D - Data interpretation; E - Manuscript Preparation; F - Literature search; G -Funds Collection

Authors' affiliation:
1University of Rzeszow, College of Medical Sciences, Institute of Physical Culture Sciences. "Know - How Sport" Research Group of Law and Economics in Sport.

Pages: 13-21

Cite this article: Południak N., Pelc P., Rykiel Z., et al. (2022) Relationship between body construction and physical fitness of children aged 10-12. Scientific Review of Physical Culture 12, p.3-21.



Introduction and work purpose: Physical activity is an important factor determining the quality of life. The human body structure is diverse. Obese children are ashamed of their figure and are more introverted. The aim of the study was to assess the relationship between body structure and physical fitness in children aged 10-12 years.

Material and method: 33 people participated in the study, including 16 boys and 17 girls. The International Physical Fitness Test was used to assess physical fitness, such tests as standing long jump, hand strength measurement, relative strength measurement, pendulum run, sit down backwards and forward bends of the torso while standing. However, in order to determine the body structure, anthropometric measurements of body weight, body height and circumference of the waist, hips, relaxed and flexed and tense arms, forearms, thighs and calves were performed.

Results: Significant statistical differences between the somatic features and the sex of the participants were shown in all the results except the thigh circumference. On the other hand, between the physical fitness and gender of the children, statistical significance was demonstrated in the measurement of hand strength, measurement of relative strength, and forward tilt while standing.

Conclusions: The obtained results allow to conclude that body structure is related to the physical fitness of children aged 10-12 years. Overweight and obese children are less physically fit than their peers with normal body weight. Girls are characterized by a higher level of physical fitness than boys only in trials measuring relative strength and flexibility. Students with a normal BMI show a lower level of hand strength than their peers with above-standard body build.

Keywords: body structure, International Physical Fitness Test, anthropometric measurements